Despite being a common hearing health condition, there’s still much we don't know and understand about tinnitus – including exactly what causes it. However, there are a few common contributing factors, such as:
Too much earwax can block your ear canal, which can affect your hearing and eardrum, and cause tinnitus.
Injuries to or infections in your outer or middle ear can result in a ruptured eardrum, and this can cause tinnitus.
You might experience temporary tinnitus as a result of an infection in your middle ear, as the increased amount of fluid can affect your hearing. Your tinnitus should ease once the infection has cleared up.
Some medicines, such as antibiotics, aspirin, chemotherapy medication and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can cause tinnitus.
- Prolonged exposure to loud noise
Listening to music at too high a volume, as well as sirens, machinery and traffic can all cause tinnitus if you’re exposed for a long period of time.
Often caused by an ear infection, this growth of skin cells collects behind the eardrum, and can lead to hearing loss and tinnitus.
Diseases and conditions such as multiple sclerosis and cancers in the throat, nose or brain can cause tinnitus that usually only affects one ear (unilateral tinnitus).
This disease can cause a build-up of fluid in your inner ear, which can result in tinnitus, as well as dizziness and hearing loss.
Some of these causes are temporary, and your tinnitus should subside a few days after your exposure, infection or condition has eased. However, if your symptoms are severe and persist for longer than a few days, make sure you speak to your GP or a hearing healthcare professional.