There are several reasons why you may be experiencing an ear blockage. Identifying the root cause of the problem is essential in determining the best course of treatment.
Ear infection (Otitis media)
As the middle ear is a sensitive area, an ear infection is often painful. This condition occurs when fluid gets trapped behind the eardrum, causing a blockage or feeling of fullness in the ear.
Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD)
Normally caused by allergies, colds or infections, Eustachian tube dysfunction is a relatively common condition that occurs when the Eustachian tubes, the small tubes that connect your upper throat to your ears, get ‘plugged’ or blocked. As well as a blocked ear and a feeling of fullness, other symptoms may include dulled hearing, ear pressure and crackling or popping sounds.
A buildup of earwax is a common cause of ear blockage. Generally, when earwax is produced, it is pushed towards the outer ear. If this wax builds up, it can harden and cause blockages, earaches or infections.
For those suffering from swimmer’s ear, or otitis externa, a clogged or full feeling is generally the first symptom. The condition usually occurs when there is an infection or inflammation brought on by water being trapped in the ear canal.
A rapid change or build up of pressure in the ear
, caused by either sinus problems, blocked Eustachian tubes or high altitude, can cause your ear to feel clogged or blocked.